New York is the 27th-most extensive, fourth-most populous, and seventh-most densely populated U.S. state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south and Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont to the east. The state has a maritime border in the Atlantic Ocean with Rhode Island, east of Long Island, as well as an international border with the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the north and Ontario to the west and north. The state of New York, with an estimated 19.8 million residents in 2015 is often referred to as New York State to distinguish it from New York City, the state’s most populous city and its economic hub. New York City is a global city, exerting a significant impact upon commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment, its fast pace defining the term New York minute. New York is the home of the United Nations Headquarters and an important center for international diplomacy. It has been described as the cultural and financial capital of the world, as well as the world’s most economically powerful city. Both the state and New York City were named for the 17th century Duke of York, future King James II of England.